Cosmology

Dr. Julian Rautenberg

Vorlesung und Übung (V3Ü1).

WUSEL-Eintrag

Termin Vorlesung:

Di. 12:00-14:00, F.13.15

Folien und Script: VL01, S01, VL02, S02, VL03, S03, VL04, S04, VL05, S05, VL06, S06, S07, VL08, S08, VL09, S09, VL10, S10, VL11, S11, VL12, S12, VL13, S13, VL14, S14

 

Termin Übung:

Do. 11:00-12:00, F.13.11

Exercises: Ex-01, Ex-02, Ex-03, Ex-04, Ex-05, Ex-06, Ex-07, Ex-08, Ex-09, Ex-10, Ex-11

 

Literature Cosmology

An introduction to modern cosmology A. R. Liddle Wiley 2003 73 VEQ1918
Cosmology M. Rowan-Robinson Clarendon Press 2003 73 VEQ1112
An invitation to astrophysics T. Padmanabhan World Scientific 2006 73 VDA1736
An introduction to the science of cosmolog Peacock, John A Cambridge Univ. Press 2003 73 VEQ1887
Cosmology S. Weinberg Oxford Univ. Press 2008 73 VEQ1968
Modern cosmology S. Dodelson Acad. Press 2007 91 VEQ1926
An introduction to modern astrophysics B. W. Carroll, D. A. Ostlie Addison-Wesley 1996 73 VDA1689
Der neue Kosmos A. Unsöld, B. Baschek Springer 2002

73 VAP1179

Contents Cosmology

  1. History
  2. Astronomical Observables

    1. Magnitude
    2. Coordinate Systems
    3. Distance Measurement
    4. Redshift
    5. Hubble Expansion

  3. Newton Universe

    1. Olber's Paradoxon
    2. Cosmological Principles
    3. Scaling Factor
    4. Expansion & Redshift

  4. Metric of Space-Time

    1. Co-moving Variables
    2. Friedmann Equation
    3. Fluid Equation
    4. Acceleration Equation
    5. Minkowski Metric
    6. Robertson-Walker Metric
    7. Flat, spherical & hyperbolic Geometry

  5. Simple Models and observational Parameters

    1. Light propagation and Redshift
    2. Cosmological dynamic under radiation and matter
    3. Cosmological dynamic under curvature
    4. Density Parameter
    5. Deceleration Parameter
    6. Luminosity Distance
    7. Angular diameter distance
    8. Source counting

  6. Cosmological Constant

    1. Extension of equations with Λ
    2. Historical context
    3. Dynamic of the Universe with Λ
    4. Effect of Λ on luminosity and angular diameter distance

  7. Age estimation

       

    1. Hubble time
    2. Age of Solar System
    3. Age of our Galaxy
    4. Stellar evolution of globular cluster
    5.  

  8. The early Universe

       

    1. Radiation under adiabatic expansion
    2. Transition from radiation- to matter-dominated Universe
    3. Hot Big Bang
    4. Big Bang Nulearsynthesis
    5. Decoupling of radiation and matter
    6. Cosmic mirowave background
    7. CMB anisotropy
    8. CMB polarization
    9.  

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